This condition occurs when the smaller airways in your lungs become irritated and exacerbated.  Most commonly, this condition occurs in young children. Typically, the largest volumes of cases are diagnosed during the colder months and in the winter.  This is a condition that almost 1 out of every 3 children will be exposed to in their life-time.  It is very rare that a child would require a trip to the hospital in order to manage the subsequent signs and symptoms from developing this particular infection.


This condition is often precipitated by the contraction of another respiratory infection, which could include the common flu as well.  There are also many studies that seem to indicate unnatural or premature births have a credible link to the increased risk for being exposed to this condition.  Additionally, evidence suggests that not receiving breast milk can put children at a higher risk for developing this type of infection.

As previously mentioned, this condition is most commonly present in younger children.  This is the case because children at such a young age have not developed their organs and immune systems sufficiently to mitigate the progression of this type of infection.  It is worthwhile emphasizing that this condition is a contagious infection and easily spread amongst children that are not practising proper hygiene in social settings.

It is also believed that frequent exposure to carcinogens, such as cigarette smoke, can put a younger child at a much higher risk for developing this type of infection.  Once again, it is also incredibly easy for younger children to spread this infection amongst themselves, which puts children that are more frequently in social settings a much higher risk for developing the infection.


Developing a harsh cough, wheezing and gasping for air are all common symptoms and signs of this particular condition.  Small children that are impacted by the condition can often go on for several days having difficulty with regular breathing.  In fact, the irritation can last for quite a while after the infection and condition have been treated.  Nonetheless, no special testing is usually required to determine if a child is suffering from this infection because a doctor can typically determine this with simple tests in his or her office.

However, it is important to understand that the early signs will be very similar to a normal cold and progressively get worse as the infection develops.  Additionally, these signs and symptoms can last weeks or even longer than a month in some cases.

There is much more emphasis placed on treating the signs and symptoms of this condition.  This is the case because the infection will eventually be defeated by the immune system, but the subsequent damage requires the assistance of medications and procedures to properly treat it.  Thus, children having access to the proper care at home is crucial to managing this particular condition.

Finally, it is important to remember to stay well hydrated by consuming additional volumes of water and other benign liquids.  If congestion in the nasal passage is problematic it is highly recommended to seek medication to clear blockages to help breathe more comfortably.  Seeking other types of medications that can help to relax or open the airways is also crucial to making breathing more comfortable and preventing the return of subsequent, harsh symptoms.   It should be noted that placing pressure on, or striking the chest and/or lungs will not produce better breathing conditions.