Parasitic infections are caused by parasites. There are many different types of parasites and each one can affect any living being. This includes people, plants and animals.
Parasites can enter the body in a variety of different ways including through the skin and mouth. Parasites can also come from contaminated food or water. Bug bites can also spread a parasite to a human or animal. Sexual intercourse can also cause a person to become infected with a parasitic infection.
There are many risk factors that can be managed to help prevent a person from getting a parasitic disease. This includes wearing proper footwear, practicing proper hygiene and ensuring that food has been thoroughly cooked.
It may be difficult to determine if a person has a parasitic infection or not because it does not always have blatant symptoms. Some symptoms of parasitic infections include increased itching in certain areas of the body, specifically the anus and vaginal area. Sudden unexplained weight loss, dehydration, diarrhea, abdominal pain and constipation are other symptoms which could be caused by a parasite. As the infection gets worse some people may have aching muscles, worms present in their stools as well as problems sleeping.
If a person is suffering from a severe parasitic infection their health could be drastically affected and may even cause complications which lead to death. The symptoms of parasitic infections may be confused with other medical conditions so it is important to see a health care provider for a proper diagnosis.
There are a variety of treatment options available for those suffering from a parasitic infection including antibiotics, Albendazole, Mebendazole and more. The medication usually kills the parasite thus alleviating the symptoms. Some common parasitic infections include Bedbugs, Chiggers, Head Lice, Pinworms, Toxocariasis and Malaria.