Malaria

man throwing up in toilet bowl

Malaria is an infectious disease that is predominantly found in tropical and warmer climates. While there are some milder forms of the disease that are not deadly, there are some strains that are incredibly fatal.

As recently as a couple of years ago, the World Health Organizations determined that over two-hundred million people in the world were currently dealing with an infection involving malaria.  This disease is also much more prevalent in poorer socioeconomic parts of the world and certainly does not help these places to progress further.

In fact, the majority of malaria-related deaths are concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa, which is already weakened by uncontrolled outbreaks of HIV.

Causes

The most common way to spread the disease is to be bitten by a mosquito, which has been infected with the disease already.  The liver is the organ that the parasites of this disease target to spread throughout the rest of the body since all blood must flow through the liver.

The aforementioned warmer climates are particularly suitable for the presence of malaria because mosquitos prefer to breed in such an environment, which increases the volume of mosquitos and the probability of encountering infection.

Signs

Noticeable signs of the disease will typically appear anywhere from a week to a month after the initial infection.  At first, signs may appear to resemble a particular violent strain of flu before worsening and causing urine and bladder dysfunction as well as potential kidney damage.

Advanced signs can entail seizures, brain damage and a variety of other more life threatening circumstances.  There are also a great number of respiratory and immune system complications that can result from being infected with particular forms of malaria.  Results of exposure to advanced stages of malaria can also leave a human being in a coma.

However, if any form of severity of the disease is left untreated it can become fatal by inhibiting the supply of blood to support the functionality of vital organs in your body.  While the infection is present in your liver it is difficult to know or determine any symptoms that are occurring as it is after the infection has spread from the liver that you will begin experiencing the classic signs of the disease.  As such, if you are experiencing a fever or a combination of the aforementioned symptoms after travelling to a tropical climate you should consult your health care provider immediately upon returning.

Cures

Once again, as with many other infectious diseases, treatment is proportionate to the severity of the condition.  For a fairly weak infection, pills or medications that are ingested orally are suitable.  However, the worst cases involve a more intensive eradication treatment.  It can also be vital to have the proper resources and infrastructure surrounding a person when they are being treated for a severe case of this disease.

Pesticides and insecticides that are able to prevent spawning of mosquito larvae are ideal to prevent the spread of this infectious disease.  Nonetheless, access to these chemicals is often unfeasible in the poorest parts of the world where the disease is most rampant.

There are also a variety of sprays and topical materials to apply to the human body to prevent attracting potentially infected mosquitos.  Basic fiber nets can also be extremely effective in preventing mosquitos from infecting you with the disease.